This three part lecture outlines the issues of climate action, and explains why it is difficult to make policy relating to it. Climate change governance takes its shape from other models of governance within the environmental governance sphere but is solely concerned with climate change action (mitigation and adaption) and global radical change to achieve such goals (Knieling, J & Filho, W 2012). This means that the actors within the governance system ar e not limited to a few powerful institutions or players, but involves actors from all industries and environments including agriculture, transport and power to make a change. The issue with global change is that all actors need to perform collective action, and with 200 countries and 7 billion actors being involved this is no easy task. With such a wide participatory audience free riding can occur, and further increase the difficulty of international enforcement of policy.

The speaker in the lecture, Lord Stern emphasises the need for taking advantage of the beneficial relationship between top down and bottom up approaches to climate change action as purely using a bottom up approach would take far too long as this approach relies on voluntary input from countries, and a top down hard fisted approach would be impossible to manage. The lecturer himself purveyed a sense of deep transparency, and likewise, climate change policy, information and risk is easily accessible through the international organisations such as the IPCC and climate change summit reports.


Knieling, J & Filho, W 2012, Climate Change Governance, Springer, Berlin



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